There are multiple ways to convert a string into a number using JavaScript. You can use an actual number (e.g. `89`) or a string (e.g. `'89'`) to represent a number.

But if you compare both, they won't be the same as they represent two different kinds of objects:

``````const number1 = 89
const number2 = '89'

if (number1 === number2) {
Console.log(true)
} else {
console.log(false)
}

// Output => false
``````

Let's look at 6 different methods to convert a string into a number.

## `parseInt()` method

The `parseInt()` method converts a string into a whole number (an integer). It takes two arguments. The first argument is the string to convert. The second optional argument is the base number called radix:

``````parseInt('45') // 45
parseInt('99.49') // 99
parseInt('123Greetings.png') // 123
``````

For decimal numbers, the radix is always `10`. The `parseInt()` method can also be used for parsing hexadecimal strings with radix value `16`:

``````parseInt(0xFF) // 255
parseInt('0xEE', 16) // 238
``````

Always use `parseInt()` with a radix to avoid unexpected results. `parseInt()` can also be used to get a number from a string that may contain other characters (only if it starts with a number):

``````parseInt('10M') // 10
parseInt('\$10M') // NaN
``````

## `parseFloat()` method

The `parseFloat()` method converts a string into a floating point number. It only takes one parameter, which is the string to parse. Unlike `parseInt()`, `parseFloat()` does not parse hexadecimal strings to numbers. The decimal separator must be a point (`.`). Otherwise, it will be dropped from the result:

``````parseFloat('9.49') // 9.99
parseFloat('50.00') // 50
parseFloat('3.5%') // 3.5
parseFloat('45,00') // 45
parseFloat('He is 29') // NaN
``````

## `Number()` method

As the name suggests, the `Number()` method converts a string into a number. It takes one argument that can be an integer, a point number, a boolean value, or even a date object. However, if you pass a string that contains random characters, you will get `NaN` - a stand for "Not a Number."

It's a less safe choice than `parseInt()` and `parseFloat()` for string to number conversion. If you are sure about the format of the number being parsed, use those methods instead. If you want the parsing to fail with `NaN` if the string contains other symbols, `Number()` may actually be an excellent choice:

``````Number('24') //24
Number('15.49') // 15.49
Number('10,350') // NaN
Number('2rem') // NaN
``````

## Bitwise Not (`~`)

Bitwise not (~) is another method that can be used to convert a string into an integer. It does not work for floating numbers and returns `0` instead of `NaN` if the string contains characters:

``````~~9.99 // 9
~~'50' // 50
~~'10.89' // 10
~~'10px' // 0
``````

Bitwise not (~) can be a better choice to ensure the input string does not include any character while parsing it to an integer.

## Unary operators

Unary operators (`+`, `*`, `-`, and `/`) can also be used for string conversion to numbers. Just like bitwise not, unary operators are not happy to see other characters in the string and return `NaN` instead of 0 or guessing the number:

``````+'10' // 10
'0xFF' - 15 // 240
'49.5' * 1 // 49.5
'100' / 2 // 50
'10,00' * 1 // NaN
``````

## `Math.floor()` method

The `Math.floor()` method is similar to the unary operator `+` but only returns the integer part of the string:

``````Math.floor('10') // 10
Math.floor('12.5') // 12
Math.floor('10,000') // NaN
``````