In JavaScript, you can use the URLSearchParams interface to convert a query string into an object. It provides utility methods to work with the query string of a URL.

  1. Pass the query string to the URLSearchParams constructor to turn it into an object instance.
  2. Use the get() method to access query string parameters.
  3. To get a native JavaScript object, pass the object instance to the Object.fromEntries() method.
const qs = `?size=M&price=29&sort=desc`

const params = new URLSearchParams(qs)

console.log(params.get('size')) // M
console.log(params.get('price')) // 29
console.log(params.get('sort')) // desc

// Convert to native JS object
const obj = Object.fromEntries(params)
// { size: 'M', price: '29', sort: 'desc' }

In the web browser, just pass to the URLSearchParams constructor to turn the query string into an object:

const params = new URLSearchParams(

If you have an entire URL, create a new URL object to retrieve the query string, and then pass it to the URLSearchParams constructor:

const url = new URL('')

const params = new URLSearchParams(

The Object.fromEntries() function works fine as long as there are no duplicate query string parameters. If you have something like ?size=M&size=XL, you'll only get { size: 'XL' }.

To handle duplicate query string parameters, use the following approach instead:

const qs = `?size=M&size=XL&price=29&sort=desc`

const params = new URLSearchParams(qs)

const obj = {}
for (const key of params.keys()) {
  if (params.getAll(key).length > 1) {
    obj[key] = params.getAll(key)
  } else {
    obj[key] = params.get(key)

// { size: [ 'M', 'XL' ], price: '29', sort: 'desc' }

Read this article to learn how to convert an object to a query string in JavaScript.

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