The Object.entries() and Object.values() methods were added to the JavaScript object constructor with the release of ECMAScript 2017 (ES8).

Let us have a quick look at these useful methods.

Object.entries() Method

The Object.entries() method takes an object as argument and returns an array with arrays of key-value pairs:

const birds = {
  owl: '🦉',
  eagle: '🦅',
  duck: '🦆'

const entries = Object.entries(birds)

// [['owl', '🦉'], ['eagle', '🦅'], ['duck', '🦆']]

The order of the array element does not depend on how the object was defined. The order is the same as that provided by a loop.

Iterate over an object

The Object.entries() method can be used to iterate over an object:

// using `for...of` loop
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(birds)) {
  console.log(`${key}: ${value}`)

// owl: 🦉
// eagle: 🦅
// duck: 🦆

// using array destructuring
Object.entries(birds).forEach(([key, value]) => console.log(`${key}: ${value}`))

// owl: 🦉
// eagle: 🦅
// duck: 🦆

Convert an object to a Map

Since the Map constructor takes an iterable to initialize a map object, the Object.entries() method can be used to create a map from an object:

const map = new Map(Object.entries(birds))

console.log(map.size)           // 3
console.log(map.has('owl'))     // true
console.log(map.get('duck'))    // 🦆

Object.values() Method

The Object.values() method, unlike Object.entries(), only returns the values of the own enumerable string-keyed properties in the same order as provided by the loop:

const foods = {
  cake: '🍰',
  pizza: '🍕',
  candy: '🍬',
  icecream: '🍨'

const values = Object.values(foods)

// ['🍰', '🍕', '🍬', '🍨']

Both Object.values() and Object.entries() do not follow the prototype chain and only iterate through the properties directly added to the given object.

They also ignore all non-enumerable properties:

Object.defineProperty(foods, 'sushi', {
  value: '🍣',
  writable: true,
  configurable: true,
  enumerable: false


// ['🍰', '🍕', '🍬', '🍨']

Convert an object to a Set

Since the Set constructor accepts an iterable, with Object.values(), we can easily convert an object to a Set:

const set = new Set(Object.values(foods))

console.log(set.size)       // 4
console.log(set.has('🍨'))  // true

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