The Object.entries() and Object.values() methods were introduced to JavaScript Object constructor with the release of ECMAScript 2017 (ES8). Let us have a quick look at these useful methods.

Object.entries() Method

The Object.entries() method takes an object as argument and returns an array with arrays of key-value pairs:

const birds = {
    owl: '🦉',
    eagle: '🦅',
    duck: '🦆'

const entries = Object.entries(birds);

// [['owl', '🦉'], ['eagle', '🦅'], ['duck', '🦆']]

The order of the array element does not depend on how the object was defined. The order is the same as that provided by a loop.

Iterating through an Object

We can use Object.entries() to iterate over object as well:

// using `for...of` loop
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(birds)) {
    console.log(`${key}: ${value}`);

// owl: 🦉
// eagle: 🦅
// duck: 🦆

// using array destructuring
Object.entries(birds).forEach(([key, value]) => console.log(`${key}: ${value}`));

// owl: 🦉
// eagle: 🦅
// duck: 🦆

Converting an Object to a Map

Since the Map constructor also takes an iterable of entries to initialize a map object, the Object.entries() method can be used to create a map from an object:

const map = new Map(Object.entries(birds));

console.log(map.size); // 3
console.log(map.has('owl')); // true
console.log(map.get('duck')); // 🦆

Object.values() Method

The Object.values() method works very much like Object.entries(), but only returns the values of the own enumerable string-keyed properties in the same order as provided by the loop:

const foods = {
    cake: '🍰',
    pizza: '🍕',
    candy: '🍬',
    icecream: '🍨'

const values = Object.values(foods);

// ['🍰', '🍕', '🍬', '🍨']

Both Object.values() and Object.entries() do not follow the prototype chain and only iterate through the properties that are directly added to the given object. They also ignore all non-enumerable properties as well:

Object.defineProperty(foods, 'sushi', {
    value: '🍣',
    writable: true,
    configurable: true,
    enumerable: false


// ['🍰', '🍕', '🍬', '🍨']

Converting an Object to Set

Since the Set constructor accepts an iterable, with Object.values(), we can easily convert an Object to a Set:

const set = new Set(Object.values(foods));

console.log(set.size); // 4
console.log(set.has('🍨')); // true

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